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The Vulgate (vulgate is Latin for ‘common, popular speech’) is the new Latin translation of the Catholic Bible, though portions retain the Old Latin version. It is a work of several people but believed to be largely done by Jerome, who was commissioned in 382 CE by Pope Damasus to revise the Old Latin version.

The revision gained popularity in the 13th century CE and was recognized as the Catholic Church’s official Bible by the Council of Trent (1546).