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Sinai and Horeb are considered by some scholars to refer to the same place (J and P: Sinai; E and D: Horeb), although others dispute this idea and suggest instead that the two names refer to different locations. The name ‘Sinai’ may possibly be derived from the name of the Babylonian and Assyrian moon god ‘Sin.’ But ‘Horeb’ (meaning ‘dryness,’ ‘a dry place’) is unlikely to be a reference to the sun.

Wilderness of Sinai

The wilderness of Sinai is the route that the Israelites take, after they have crossed the Red Sea and escaped from the Egyptians, on the way to the Promised Land.